10 Programming Languages You Should Learn in 2014

programming language, coding, learn programmingWith the tons of different programming languages available to start learning and building incredible web applications, many people get caught up in deciding which one is the best for them. However, the best approach is picking one that is well established and following through with it.  Dabbling in other languages is great for more dynamic apps though, without facing any significant limitations by restricting yourself. Therefore, you should check out these top ten programming languages to build awesome applications, and the multitude of resources on each one ensures that the challenge remains minimal.

 

1. PHP

While the code may seem too basic and minimalistic to build million dollar ideas, that is certainly not reality. PHP is great for anyone ranging from beginners to experts because of the insane versatility. Echoing a sentence for display on a webpage is accomplished in one line of code, but forms and so much more can be easily created too.

 

2. Python

This compact and developer friendly language is more than capable of producing awesome programs. Combined with the advanced frameworks, such as Django, the developing phase is minimized significantly.

 

3. JavaScript

JavaScript is a server and client side code that easily generates content dynamically by calling different pages and browsers, even those coded in other languages, such as PHP.

 

4. MySQL

Easily interacting with database storage is an absolutely necessity in any significant app, so MySQL is important to learn for accomplishing this without challenge.

 

5. HTML

With the release of HTML5, this visual appeal focused language has become even more critical. Using any other option for designing introduces unnecessary struggle.

 

6. C#

C# is used primarily for software on the Microsoft platform. The multipurpose nature allows for a multitude of different uses.

 

7. Java

Programs built with Java can be used across many different systems, so the demand is high for developers that understand this versatile language. This is most often seen in browser based videogames.

 

8. Ruby

Ease and simplicity was the highest priority when creating Ruby. Therefore, this is a great starting point for many beginners, and the Rails framework introduces even more design options.

 

9. C++

This object oriented language is most used when building software, like Firefox, but video games and other applications can benefit from the use of C++ code. However, beginners may feel quite challenged when just starting out.

 

10. C

C++ and C# are just a derivative of the C language. Therefore, C is a great jumping off point for those looking to start a career in programming, and college courses generally focus on this before any other option to ensure a solid foundation.

 

While learning all ten of these programming languages before the end of the year is probably unnecessary and likely impossible, at least one or two should be selected to get started in the coding world. With the proper instruction, you can start putting together webpages in just hours and creating full applications in a few days.


What’s the Best Programming Language to Learn First?

php, best programming language, web developmentGetting started in the wonderful world of programming may seem incredibly daunting, but there are strategies to reducing the challenge. The best approach that is often underutilized is fully engaging in the code. Instead of reading hundreds of different resources or tutorials, trial and error may actually be the easier method. But with the numerous languages available to use, people often struggle with the decision to choose one to start.

The Struggle between Ease and Scalability

Some may opt for the easier languages, even just utilizing premade programs or frameworks that do not actually require knowledge of programming; this will significantly limit the options available in the future. Simply gaining a grasp on HTML or CSS may help improve the appearance of an already functional website; however, they cannot be used to create dynamic and useful applications. PHP is a server side language that is relatively easy to learn, and it can be scaled to meet many different requirements. It can also be paired with JavaScript to create more dynamic material that does not require any page refreshing.

PHP is probably the best starting point for any tech savvy individual looking to learn how to code. The language allows for displaying, storing, and changing information with user input. Therefore, a variety of different web applications can be created that are only limited by imagination. You will be able to not only start creating miniature level webpages, but the information learned can be extrapolated to build large scale apps used by thousands of individuals simultaneously.

Accepting and Utilizing Reader Information

It can also be paired with MySQL databases to store any necessary data for later use. A contact form is an example of a relevant piece of code that can be created with PHP. The submission can either be stored in the database and displayed on a backend page or sent to an email inbox. It could be slimmed down to only supply simple email and message inputs or improved to contain many different types of fields with proper validation and error messages. The following is a piece of code that may be found in one of these forms.

<input type=”text” name=”first_name”>

That line should be quite clear. It is simply an input field that allows text, which can be later referenced by using the name “first_name” for authentication or character limitations. While the actual submission code is more involved, this is just an example of the simplicity and intuitive nature of the PHP language.

While programming may seem quite challenging in the beginning, jumping into a specific coding language is the best strategy to getting started. While PHP is arguably the easiest and most expandable option, there is also JavaScript, Python, C#, and more. The most relevant is independent on personal goals and ideas. HTML would be perfectly acceptable for creating a well-designed informative webpage, but it lacks the functions to accept user input and create content on the fly.


Content Management Systems – Joomla or WordPress

wordpress-vs-joomlaWhich Content Management System (CMS) do you use?  Are you thinking of creating a new website and remain undecided which to use?  Two major players in CMS technology offer an array of benefits that are discussed below.

In general terms, a content management system is any piece of software that manages your website content.

There is never a substitute for trial and error, but we can highlight the major benefits of CMS providers, WordPress and Joomla, to aid in your decision.  CMS provides the platform for the dissemination of your website’s content, so it is highly important that you are both fluent and comfortable with the provider you choose.

Which system is the most user friendly

Hands down, WordPress is the most user friendly of the two. If you struggle with technology, and the various principles behind applications, WordPress offers a simple, straightforward Content Management System.

WordPress can be set up in as little as 5 minutes.  WordPress is ready for use directly out of the box.  Adding new pages, blog posts, images, etc. on a regular basis is a breeze and can be done quickly.  WordPress can manage every aspect of your website and the ease of use greatly reduces development time.

Which CMS provider is more secure

As the leading provider of CMS applications, WordPress is often the target of hackers.  Out of the box, WordPress software is not overly secure so you will need to install third-party plugins to boost overall security.  Tutorial on this procedure can be found throughout the internet.

Versatility

Taking a CMS application right out of the box and having the ability to serve your entire website’s needs is not going to happen.  Odds are you will need additional plugins to meet all your needs and create your website exactly as desired.

Both products offer an excellent array of plugin choices.  WordPress has substantially more plugins available.  These plugins allow are all open source (free) and provide the ability to customize your site creating a unique platform.

Search Engine Friendly

Your website needs traffic and people must be able to find your site.  WordPress is search engine optimization capable allowing search engines to pick up keywords and direct traffic to your site.  Joomla can also do this through modifications.

Many users are not tech-savvy and the benefit of this feature is a great selling point for WordPress.  With additional tweaking, WordPress is a true powerhouse when it comes to search engine optimization capability.

The Learning Curve

WordPress is widely used because of its simplicity.  The learning curve is virtually non-existent for the user.  There is no one size fits all CMS program out there.  Often, it is best to start simple and proceed from there.

Joomla requires some technical aptitude that WordPress does not.  Joomla is a more versatile application that can easily manage many pages of content without being a resource hungry program.  The program does require a general understanding of the more technical aspects of web-development so this should be considered prior to beginning.


Pay Per Click 101

PPC 101Pay per click is notorious for an assortment of different attributes, which ends up leaving those who are not knowledgeable about it in the dust rather quickly. When you want to build an initial audience from the ground up, you almost have no choice but to implement pay per click advertisements in some capacity. It becomes as essential as having a website, especially in those early days where a brand is still coming into its own.

So what does pay per click involve? What is it in detail and how can you use it to get ahead?

The Basics of Pay Per Click Advertising

Pay per click is known as PPC (Google AdWords, Bing Ads, Facebook, etc.). At heart, is a way to add an advertisement to a website that has content related to the advertisement. The advertiser pays a certain amount for every click the ad receives. So in theory, if the advertisement was not clicked at all, you would pay nothing. The exception to this idea is ad visibility or impressions. For example, if the link gets no clicks at all but it was seen 1,000 times, the advertiser would pay an impression amount. The idea here is that even though visitors did not click on the ad, they were exposed to it (though this is usually an extremely marginal rate and grouped into thousands).

The Competition Factor

How much do you pay per click? The rate varies, but it is generally between 2 cents to 25 cents per click. Now, many PPC systems will favor content and ads that not only get higher click through rates but also earn more per click. For example, you have two dentist offices in a city. The one paying 25 cents per click will get authority over the one paying 2 cents per click. This creates competition and balance. But it also breeds strategic design. For example, if there are few competitors, the 25 cents per click could be unnecessary, for 10 cents a click would set the top precedence. There are other factors at play in how an advert is prioritized, such as its keywords, popularity, and the vitality of the brand being advertised.

Tracking and Changing

PPC ads are so popular for a variety of reasons, but one of the most important is its tracking capabilities. You can see the exact clicks, how long these visitors stayed on the website, what they did when they were there, the average cost per click, and many other factors. Most PPC marketing companies have hundreds of different PPC ads active at any one time. This allows them to surface intricate patterns.

They can also adjust the ads accordingly. This includes changing the price at will, closing ads that are underperforming, and adding new ones in certain places that are seeing a high return for the lowest rate. It takes time to find that balance, but PPC’s resources offer all that for the smart marketer that wants to look at it all.

Pay per click ads are extremely versatile, for they offer an impeccable opportunity to find patterns in new and exploratory ways.


Install Java Package in Ubuntu Offline

Install Java Package in Ubuntu OfflineTo install Sun Java using pre-packaged debs in vanilla installation of Ubuntu 8.04 without an Internet connection you will be required to satisfy a few dependencies.

To view the list of dependencies and recommended packages you can use Ubuntu Packages Search and search for a top level package, in this case it is sun-java6-plugin.

http://packages.ubuntu.com/

Download the following six .deb files to successfully complete the installation offline:

  1. sun-java6-jre_6-06-0ubuntu1_all.deb
  2. sun-java6-bin_6-06-0ubuntu1_i386.deb
  3. sun-java6-plugin_6-06-0ubuntu1_i386.deb
  4. java-common_0.30_all.deb
  5. unixodbc_2.2.11-16build1_i386.deb
  6. odbcinst1debian1_2.2.11-16build1_i386.deb

You can locate these either through Ubuntu Packages Search or download them directly through Ubuntu Archive:

  • http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/multiverse/s/sun-java6/
  • http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/j/java-common/
  • http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/u/unixodbc/

If you try to install Sun JRE by double clicking on the package you will notice that it is dependent on Sun BIN, which in turn depends on Sun JRE creating an infinite loop. To combat this create a folder (i.e. “java”) on your Desktop and copy all six files to it.

Now launch the terminal and navigate to the the folder you created.

To combat the cycle dependency we will use a Debian package management system tool. From within the java folder run the following command:

sudo dpkg -i *

dpkg is the software at the base of the Debian package management system. dpkg is used to install, remove, and provide information about .deb packages. Read more…

When prompted, read and accept the Operating System Distributor License for Java (DLJ).

Dpkg will install all the debs in correct order and will return focus to the command line when finished.

To verify your Java installation try running the following command:

java -version

If you have or will have an Internet connection at some point try visiting the following website to verify that Firefox correctly interprets Java applets:

http://www.java.com/en/download/help/testvm.xml

That’s it. It is that easy. If you have any problems, questions or comments feel free to post them below.

 


How To Triple Boot (XP, Vista, Ubuntu) With Single Boot Screen

Since Ubuntu 6.10 was released less than a month ago, Windows Vista went RTM and dates for new Ubuntu 7.4 were announced today, I thought I’ll post a tutorial on how to create a single boot screen triple boot system with Windows XP, Windows Vista and Ubuntu Edgy Eft.

A triple boot system isn’t that much different from a dual boot, but since Windows Vista is using a new boot loader called winload it screws up with your typical GRUB installation. And it is pretty annoying going up and down through several boot menus to select your desired operating system. The key is the sequence in which you install the OSes. To give you a rough idea, check the screenshot.

tmb-vmware-snapshots

You can read more on Vista’s boot process on Wikipedia.

I’m writing this blog post under my new development system, but for clarity of screenshots I used VMWare to illustrate the steps. (more…)